15 Jul 2024
Sunday 25 December 2016 - 12:25
Story Code : 244236

Iran enters the Mega Ship Age

AJOT| Matt Guasco: Established in 1967 The Islamic Republic of Iran Shipping Line commenced operations with 2 coastal traders and 4 ocean going vessels. Today their fleet is comprised of passenger and cargo ships offering both containerized and bulk operations. Container services include Iran and selected Persian Gulf ports to and from China, Taiwan, Southeast Asia and South Africa. Alphaliner has listed IRISL as number 20 in their top 100 container lines, with a total capacity of 99,867 TEUs over 47 ships. Information from the corporate website indicates tonnage ranging from 1,000 to 6,500 TEUs but it appears that most of their current fleet is under 5,000 TEUs.

Negotiations with Hyundai take seed

IRISLs operating portfolio is modest by todays standards, but all that is about to change. On December 9th they reached an agreement with Hyundai Heavy Industries to build 10 Ultra large vessels at Hyundais Ulsan yards in Korea. Stretching 2.5 miles along Mipo Bay, Ulsan is the worlds largest shipbuilding operation. When the new build frenzy began to cool between 2008 and 2010 shipyards were left holding the bag on unfulfilled orders. Delivery dates slipped and contract prices were renegotiated leaving shipyards in a slump which continues today. Hyundai began negotiations on the Iranian ships in 2005 but plans were sidetracked as the worlds economy weakened. Finalizing this order will breathe new life into Hyundai. The Ulsan yard will build six Chemical Tankers and four Ultra Large Container Vessels (ULVs) each at 49,000 DWT with a capacity of 14,500 TEUs. Delivery of the first of these mega container ships is scheduled for 2018. An additional two ULVs may also be in the works upon completion of the initial order.

The total for tankers and container ships is said to be worth $2.4 billion.

More Capacity brings challenges and opportunities

As a niche player with limited capacity IRISL had adequately filled their countrys maritime needs and had additional container slots to sell on the open market. Mega vessels will require more aggressive marketing and greater sophistication in handling at load and discharge centers. Some of this expertise will be provided by CMA-CGM which has entered into an operating agreement with the line. This agreement comes on the heels of more open trade as nuclear sanctions are lifted and world commerce once again flows through Iranian ports. Several carriers including Evergreen and MSC reopened calls to Iran this year with the potential for United Arab and Maersk to enter the market after January. Renewed trade with Europe will commence with the further loosening of sanctions. IRISL hasnt called European ports since 2010. They will surely capitalize on their expanding container fleet and slot charter agreements with their carrier partners.

Capital for Investment

It should be noted that the United States paid Iran several billion dollars in frozen assets as interest against a failed 1979 arms deal. Payments began after the U.N Security Council lifted the nuclear sanctions which triggered Irans maritime development. We should bear in mind however that as IRISL began to examine options for fleet development and expansion of trade, world markets opened up and International partners such as Hyundai and CMA-CGM came on board. Funding for construction and development of Irans maritime interests came along with it.

Ambitious plans for Irans Maritime Interests

Hamid RezaeianAsl Managing Director of the Iran Shipbuilding & Offshore Industries Complex Company announced a joint agreement with Hyundai Heavy Industries for financing and technical know-how at their facility near Bandar Abbas. Opening in 2006 the ISOICO facility sits on 1100 hectares of land with a 380 hectare marine basin. Initial projects included design and construction of several passenger liners and feeder-max container ships. The yard has the capacity to build and repair larger vessels and Hyundai will advance Irans ability to produce VLCC and ULCC class container ships.

A Bright Future for IRISL

With the infusion of money and expertise from world sources IRISL has announced plans to become a top 10 ranked Alphaliner carrier by 2020. China has also been invited to visit the ISOICO shipyard and last year there were even negotiations for the Chinese to build 18,000 TEU ships for the line. At this point the future of Irans maritime interests is extremely bright. Of course having the money to invest in the expansion of your national fleet and shipbuilding facilities is a key. The world seems to be at Irans doorstep; even the United States did $152.4 million in exports this year. As IRISL expands port calls to Europe and increases trade routes to Asia and Africa its unclear whether well see Iranian ships in U.S. ports any time soon.

Given our somewhat shaky trust of Irans intentions toward us, is there an olive branch to extend to IRISL?
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